technologies used for building websites
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Modern websites are created using a multitude of technologies. Although you don’t have to be an expert on these platforms to run your website project properly. It is a good idea to get acquainted with the fundamentals of available solutions and their pros and cons to appreciate the long-term effect they can have on your website.

There is no single”right technology” to create websites. It is no longer

possible to operate a company, even a brick-and-mortar business, without a web presence. Consumers look to the internet for everything from product testing to location and business hours. Even a basic, well-designed website will give you an advantage in your industry, and if you have goods to offer, your platform can open up new markets and grow your company cheaply and easily. 

Building blocks of a website 

Before determining the technology is correct for your website, you must consider all the building blocks of the website. You can think of a typical website as a cake of several layers. Each layer reflects some type of technology. Each “technology layer” has its feature and purpose. Choose them carefully, and you’ve got a delicious cake. Choose a bit, and the product would be ineligible. 

The following will help you explore the ocean of new technology used in building a website: 

1.Front-end programming

 HTML (Hypertext Markup Language), CSS (Cascading Style Sheets) and JavaScript are core components of your website. They’re just as important to your website as sugar to your cake. Without these elements, you cannot create a modern website, and the web developer must be an authority on all three. What are they doing?

  • Simply put, HTML is a language that makes up the content of your website and tells your browser (such as Internet Explorer or Google Chrome) what to see on your website. 
  • CSS is a term used to explain your website’s appearance (looking and formatting) and telling your browser what to see on your website. 
  • JavaScript is a programming language widely used to construct graphical effects in web browsers. There are customer-side innovations.

 Client-side ensures that the browser installs HTML, CSS and JavaScript as you go to the website. Your browser can then render HTML and CSS and run JavaScript. Nowadays you can learn from other web applications such as Ajax or jQuery, which are normally approaches or libraries to improve the ability of JavaScript. 

2.Backend programming language

What programming language does the web developer use on your website? The remaining levels of technologies that make up your website are server-side, meaning that they remain and execute on the server. To implement business logic or custom templates on your website, web developers use programming languages. There are plenty, but the most popular is the “Top Four”: PHP, ASP.NET, Java and Ruby. You may have heard less popular or older languages such as Perl, C/C++ or Go. 

Some of the programming languages used in the most common websites of the world can be found below:

According to Wikipedia(Primary languages only)

PHPFacebook, Yahoo, Google, Wikipedia, WordPress
PythonGoogle, Facebook, Netflix, Youtube.
JavaAmazon, eBay, LinkedIn, YouTube
RubyTwitter, Etsy

Why are companies switching to new programming languages?

  • One of the companies who is using JavaScript is Groupon. First, they developed their framework in Ruby, but developers were faced with difficulties in terms of speed and reliability.

Therefore, they had to switch to JavaScript. The website currently consists of more than 20 node modules.

  • Another situation arose in Walmart where the company had to change the code language. The company started with Java. But for their smartphone version, they wanted a lighter option. So they decided to use NodeJS.

Stability and predictability were one of the reasons why Etsy, one of the world’s leading e-commerce sites, preferred Ruby to work alongside its database of over 50 million users. 

technologies used for building websites

According to this report, the most used programming language among developers in 2020 was “Javascript”.It helps you to considerably unload CPUs and create immersive, fast and intuitive web interfaces.  Netflix now utilises this technology for its customer-side processes and it allows to speed up some UI based services. 

technologies used for building websites


3.Framework / Platform

A structure (sometimes referred to as a platform) is the next “layer” on the website. You can think about it as puzzle bits that make up your website. Essentially, the architecture is a group of optimised and field-tested libraries that include building blocks that you can use to create a website. 

They allow the reusability of code and maintain stability. For a communicative framework, create it in such a way that other web developers can collaborate if they want to move to another web partner. Many modern complex websites rely on frameworks as they make web creation less time-consuming and cost-effective. 

They regularly provide pre-written implementations for most of the features and functions widely found on websites. Any of the most popular programming language frameworks are listed below: 

JavaSpring/Hibernate, Struts, Tapestry, ScalaMascus, Allocine,LinkedIn, Coursera, LendUp.
Ruby Rails 5.0.0.beta2UrbanDictionary, Airbnb, Shopify, Github
PythonDjangoPinterest, Instagram, Quora, etc
JavaScriptAngular JSYoutube, PS3, Weather, Netflix, etc.
  • PYTHON: The hottest language of the year 
  • Python is one of the major programming languages used by Facebook. It is at the top of the list for both technology maintenance and third-party Facebook developers. Some of the company’s proprietary projects are also written in Python, such as the Facebook Business SDK.
  • Quora users have also selected Python because of its ease of writing and readability. They used applications like Django and Pylon. 
  • Reddit is another common sharing network based on Python. Initially, the framework was developed in Lisp, but in half a year the programmers wanted to re-code their website to Python.
  • The key reason for this was a broader selection of programming libraries, and the vocabulary was more portable. 

4.Database Engine

The database engine or database server is the fundamental part of your website where all the data on your website is stored. This is where the website holds all documents, such as items, orders, purchases, user accounts, etc. You might be shocked to find that most CMS (Content Management Systems) use databases to store the contents of the website. Yeah, this means that even text on the website will also be saved in the archive. 

The choice of a database engine depends primarily on other considerations, such as programming language/framework, web server, etc. The most popular databases for web developers are MySQL, Microsoft SQL Server, Oracle and Postgres. 

Generally, the option relies on the other technology covered below. Please note that MySQL and Postgres are usually free” (open source) database engines, whereas Microsoft SQL and Oracle need licences that can be costly. 

MySQL is used by almost every big corporation because of the high efficiency of massive libraries and open-source.  Any of the big websites that use MySQL databases include Facebook, Google, Twitter, YouTube and Flickr, just to name a couple.

Each DBMS or server has its strengths and disadvantages. That’s why it’s important to consider the fundamental distinctions between the forms of databases. 

If you’re not a pro, where can you go?

You can also find website builders to make your website using their templates, which we think is a good idea for small businesses. 

Some of the website builders are:

  • WordPress is very easy to set up and allows you full control of your website. It’s extremely versatile and comes with thousands of themes and plugins to launch a blog, create an online shop, develop a discussion forum, or more.

Price: WordPress is a FREE website builder. But you need to purchase a domain name and web hosting that costs $14.99/year and $7.99/month, respectively. 

  • Gator is a hosted solution, which ensures that you take care of backups, upgrades, and applications on your website. This allows you to focus on the growth of your business.

Price: Gator has premium plans from $3.46 a month to make it affordable for SMEs and start-ups. Each package comes with a free domain name, free SSL license, web analytics, and premium 24/7 live service. 

We hope this article will give you more insight into what new technologies are companies using and why they are so relevant in our new tech-focused world.

For small or big business a website is essential for all nowadays. For more information, business stories, and many more visit insellers.

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